Category Archives: Here Magazine

From Sierra Leone to the world

Saa Andrew

Saa Andrew

He was forced out of his village in Africa because of diamond-fueled civil war. He moved to a crowded refugee camp in Gambia, where he slept on a tarp and survived on cornmeal. He, his father, step mother, and siblings made it to Canada thanks to the UN.

This is the story of Saa Andrew Gbongbor, a Sierra Leonean refugee, a Canadian citizen since July 1st, a student at STU, and a musician.

“It’s for fun, entertainment and also the message. … I’m dancing praises to the most high, praises for the people around me, the people singing and dancing.”

But it was a long journey to get to where he is today.


When Gbongbor was still a child in Sierra Leone, he saw members of his family murdered by rebels. Conditions were terrible and his family got a chance to leave; they had to take it.

“Everybody was terrified in the village. Even if you prepared your meal … (the rebels are) going to come and sit and say oh thank you lets come and eat together. And you have to smile. If you refuse, it’s bad for you.”

But his mother didn’t have the same chance to go. She was captured by the rebels; she’s is a nurse and they needed medical support. She managed to escape during a battle, but Gbongbor hasn’t seen her for 9 years. They’ve talked a few time, but phone service is unreliable where she’s living.

It was 1998 when Gbongbor arrived at the refugee camp. He was 15, and that’s where he got his inspiration to play music.

“When I was back in the refugee camp, what I listened to what a lot of reggae music and other music.

Every day I listen to this and get this radio inside me about life in the refugee camp. That was the only way I could survive day by day. That’s how I started liking music.”

So he started to play music. The Sierra Leonean national airline liked his stuff, and asked him to record a jingle. They loved it, and thought he could do something more. So they put him in a recording studio

“They say just go tell the people to send us the bill. I don’t know how they pay anything; I just go to studio ready to sing.”


Gbongbor calls himself a dance hall reggae and R&B musician. His music has distinct Afro-Caribbean roots, an easy flow, and an upbeat style that makes it hard not to dance.

Saa Andrew, performing for the SHOUT kickoff last year, at the Centre Communitaire du Saint Anne

Saa Andrew, performing for the SHOUT kickoff last year, at the Centre Communautaire Saint-Anne

“Even if you’re sad man, you want to dance.”

He’s played dozens of shows around Fredericton, and has travelled to Nova Scotia and Ottawa. He played a charity show at the Terry Fox Centre in Ottawa, and plays for charity as much as he can.

“I did a show to raise money for the homeless, for Samaria house at officer’s square, for the Fredericton Peace Coalition. … I’m an activist for peace.”

However, even when he’s playing music, Gbongbor says it can be difficult to forget what has happened in his past.

“I always think how my life was. And I think about the people I left behind. So I never stop thinking about where I come from.”

But he always wants to look forward.

“I want to do things that will impact the world in a positive way. I want to help my people back home. And not just my people, everywhere around that word that goes through trouble.”

He’s made quite an impact on people in Fredericton. Tyler Lombard is a friend of Gbongbor, and worked with him on his upcoming CD.

Lombard and Saa Andrew, performing at the SHOUT kickoff

Lombard and Saa Andrew, performing at the SHOUT kickoff

“I think he’s a great person. He’s one of the most genuine, nicest people that I know for sure. He really has compassion for everyone, and I just really couldn’t say enough about the guy.”

The two met years ago when they were both performing at Big Hearts for the Homeless, a fundraiser put on by the Fredericton Emergency shelter. Lombard has been impressed ever since.

“I remember this story, [Andrew] having to watch one of his fellow villagers being killed by rebels. I can’t imagine ever witnessing that and being able to be the same again. But he’s able to talk about it and he’s able to help people learn and educate people.”


In 2004, Gbongbor’s father got a phone call in the refugee camp. It was from a representative of the UN, who said the family would be moving to Fredericton. They had no idea where Fredericton was. They hadn’t even heard of Canada.

“I never thought of coming to Canada. The places I thought about were America, Germany, Russia. … But I was very excited when they said Canada is close to America, I knew it would be a good place,” Gbongbor said.

When his family arrived there was instant support. The multicultural association and people around town gave his family coats, a television and furniture. He told them he wanted to go to school, and they arranged an English language proficiency test. He passed (he already spoke English, Patwa, Kono and Krio), and was enrolled at STU in 2005.

The Multicultural Association also gave him his first gig, and then he did a concert for Canadian World Youth. His third concert was to raise money to help buy his mother a house. It’s finished now, and she’s living comfortably, thanks to her son.

Gbongbor’s hoping to release a CD/DVD combination soon, and he’s filming the music videos now.

Saa Andrew and Brendan Mittelholtz, one of his producers, editing their music video

Saa Andrew and Brendan Mittelholtz, one of his producers, editing their music video

The first video was a unique site in Fredericton. 8 dancers and three producers, Gbongbor and Lombard, were all over downtown. They moved from the Charlotte street arts center to the market and then to locations around the north side. Hundreds of people gathered to watch the filming, as Celtic dancers, in traditional African dress, moved to Afro-Caribbean beats.

“It was extremely fun.

The market was just packed; everybody wanted to see what was going on. … It was awesome.”

So Gbongbor will graduate soon, with a bachelor of arts in human rights and world history. Then he’ll release his CD/DVD bundle. Then, he hopes to tour the world.

“To play my music and promote a peaceful message. … To promote peace, to promote multiculturalism, to promote love and also forgiveness.

Should I be somebody very bad, to say okay I’m going to retaliate for what they’ve done to my people, to my friends all those things? No, I can’t. So my aim is to promote peace.”

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Athletic horses being sold short

Bob is out running before the morning dew has cleared. He goes four miles most days. Sometimes his

Jimmy Smith, 80, pacing his horse, Dr. Decimeter

Jimmy Smith, 80, pacing his horse, Dr. Decimeter

ankles act up and he can’t make it out, or sometimes he can’t run because it’s too close to race day. But Bob’s Birthday, Jimmy Smith’s racehorse, is a top athlete.

“You’ve gotta have good athletes. … You’ve gotta be in top physical condition,” said Smith, an eighty year old trainer based out of the Fredericton Raceway.

But horses, as athletes, are often sold short. They train almost every day, they are drug tested, they get sport-related injuries, and they face serious dangers on the track.

Todd Trites is the number one harness racing driver in the Maritimes.

“The horses are amazing equine athletes. I’d compare them to anything.”

Trites said very few people are able to push themselves as hard as horses.

“Maybe marathon runners, you could put them in the same league.”

But he’s noticed many people don’t put horse racing in the same league as hockey or basketball.

“I think its kind of old school. But I think because there’s gambling involved in it, it might not be considered a sport.

A lot of people, when they think of their top ten sports, horse racing wouldn’t make it on to many people’s lists.”

Profiles on baseball players, editorials on football teams and detailed run downs of high school hockey games are common sites in the sports pages. But a mention of horse racing is a rare find. Scores are published in the newspapers on race days. However, mentions of an up and coming horse, or breakdowns of what drivers are racing the best are almost non-exsitant in the Maritimes.

Kris McDavid is a former sports writer with the Aquinian, St. Thomas University’s newspaper. He’s a sports nut who knows all about hockey, basketball, football and even formula one, but has little interest in harness racing. He thinks it’s a sport more for die-hard fans then Joe public.

“I just think sports like baseball, football, hockey, basketball, tend to appeal more to the masses than say horse racing would. With the sport of horse racing you’re either a horse person or you’re not. And there are a lot of horse people but they don’t make up the majority.”

Jimmy Smith, 80, with his horse, Dr. Decimeter

Jimmy Smith, 80, with his horse, Dr. Decimeter

Trites disagrees. He thinks horse racing should have a place in the hearts of average sportsfans.

“Its got everything that sports have, right? It’s competitive, action, speed, danger. Its action packed. For two minutes it’s amazing, the things that take place in a race.”

Doris McMinniman, an 80 year old harness-racing fan, agrees with Trites.

“(The track’s future) seemed very doubtful last summer, but the crowds have been better this summer.

You used to always see the same faces, but now you see a lot of new faces.”

McMinniman figures she’s only missed four races in the 57 years she’s been going to the Fredericton raceway. She says that now, more then ever, young people are taking an interest in the races. But at the same time, she recognizes there are a few problems. For one thing, drivers don’t often get the credit they deserve.

“Them drivers, that’s a dangerous job. You take 7 or 8 horses in a race and then four horses coming behind you. You’ve gotta make a decision what to do, you’ve gotta make it quick. No, I think a lot of people don’t really understand horse racing.”

McDavid acknowledges that horses are top athletes, but said harness racing drivers are in the same league as formula one or NASCAR racers.

“The doubt is always up in the air. Auto-racers, are they athletes or not athletes, jockeys are they athletes or not athletes.

(Horse and auto-racing) are sports. But I think they cater to a certain demographic and they do it very well. And I think they’ll always be around.”

Trites agrees that horse racing is here to stay. But he said there is more athleticism and danger in racing than most people would think. He said it takes a lot of strength and endurance to hold the reigns of an animal that doesn’t always go where you want. He said one slip up can be disastrous.

“It comes down to physics. You’re going 30 miles an hour and they weigh a thousand pounds. I went down in Fredericton not to long ago, and had a guy right behind me go over top of me. We drive inches apart with animals that are unpredictable.”

Trites figures he’s crashed 15 to 20 times. He’s he’s broken is vertebrae and had lots of sprains. For every crash he says he’s had a thousand close calls.

Jimmy Smith also knows the danger and athleticism of horse racing. He has broken his leg and his ankle,

Smith and Dr. Decimeter.

Smith and Dr. Decimeter.

and he says he retired to work behind the scenes for a reason.

“If something happens, then you have to hope and pray you keep (the horse) on its feet and you don’t hit the dust.

I don’t race anymore. Because I’m on the old side and if I get hurt I take a long time to heal up.”

The excitement, the atmosphere and the athleticism are big draws. But people like McDavid still aren’t interested. Trites said if they get to the track once, they will be back again.

“I think if people get out, and they go to the races, and they get to see the horses up close, … it’s kind of like field of dreams. Build it and they will come.”

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Is uranium mining dangerous?

Air pollution. Water contamination. Cancer. These all go hand in hand with uranium mining, according to Walter Moore.

“This is a matter of life and death. New Brunswick has the highest rate of cancer in Canada. So why would you want to bring in something to cause more cancer?”

Exploratory drilling has been going on in New Brunswick for the past two years. A large supply of uranium has been found between Harvey and New Maryland. There is also interest in opening a mine outside of Moncton. If approved, mining could begin within 12 years.

“No mining company has ever, in history, cleaned up in a satisfactory manner.”

Moore is the chair for Support Citizens Against Radioactive Emissions New Brunswick, SCARE NB. The organization is trying to get the provincial government to pass a ban on uranium mining.

Moore said it is impossible to safely contain tailings, the radioactive ore left over after pure uranium has been extracted, for long periods of time. These tailings will remain radioactive for well over 80,000 years.

“Mines last only five to 15 years. After that the radioactive waste lasts forever. Radon gas can blow hundreds of miles. … It leaves radioactive particles on plants, animals, people, and it gets into the water supply.”

David Coon is a member of the Conservation Council of New Brunswick. He agrees with Moore and says his organisation also wants a complete ban on uranium mining.

“Uranium degrades into very toxic and long lived by-products when you mill it and mine it. So you end up with major concerns about radon gas in the air and radium in the water.

Coon said people who live in communities with uranium mines, such as Elliot Lake and Port Hope in Ontario, are exposed to unsafe levels of radiation. He added that those people have an increased risk of cancer.

Health Canada conducted a study in Elliot Lake. It found male residents had a 124 per cent higher risk for lung cancer, and women had a 65 per cent higher risk for colorectal cancer. The organization said the lung cancer was a result of higher smoking rates in Northern Ontario. It could not explain the colorectal cancer, but did not link it to radiation exposure.

“You cannot trust Health Canada,” said Moore.

Mines are ventilated so radioactive dust is let out into the atmosphere. The tailing ponds, where leftover radioactive ore is kept, flow into rivers in controlled amounts. Health Canada says these are safety measures done to keep the radiation level in and around mines within acceptable limits. It admits radioactive leakage can contaminate areas and food supplies, but says this can be prevented by monitoring carefully and following guidelines.

Moore disagrees. He cited a study from the Uranium Medical Research Center that found 9 residents of Port Hope, Ontario, who had unnatural levels of radiation in their urine. The study was conducted after Health Canada announced there was no contamination in the community.

Moore has met a woman from Port Hope.

“She can go down the street and tell you the people that have died from cancer. People that worked in the mines, people who lived near the mine, the wives. She knows people that are her age now that have died from Cancer. She believes that is what is gonna happen here.”

Sam McEwan is the director of Minerals and Petroleum Development for the New Brunswick Government. He said uranium mining is safer than many people think.

“It’s human nature. Anyone who hears uranium thinks about all the things that can go wrong. …They associate uranium with the Cold War and World War II, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”

McEwan said uranium mining is new to the province and judgements shouldn’t be made until more is known about possible problems.

“This thing would be scrutinized. I know what a regular mine goes through and I can only imagine what a uranium mine would have to go through.”

McEwan also said there are new methods for storing spent ore that will not harm people or the environment.

Coon is sceptical about the government’s concern for safety.

“Their stance is the faster we can get uranium out of the ground and create a more viable mine the better. Why? Because they don’t seem to be able to distinguish between that and things like potash. … They’re just looking at the taxes it would generate.”

Moore feels the same way. The public was not consulted before companies were allowed to start exploratory uranium drilling. He wants to know why.

“What would be the purpose of them coming and spending millions of dollars, millions of dollars, if they don’t know they can get it? The government is going to let them (mine).”

His organization is asking city councils across the province to ban uranium mining. Those bans are not legally binding, as provinces have the final say on whether or not mines can be opened.

The Conservation Council is trying to educate voters by speaking in communities around New Brunswick. Both Moore and Coon hope they can generate enough pressure to force provincial politicians to listen.

“We’re here to get the politicians on notice. That come election time, anyone who supports uranium mining may not get elected or re-elected. That’s the only power of the people we have,” said Moore.

This process has worked in Nova Scotia, where the provincial government set up a moratorium on uranium mining after many municipalities enacted bans.

“It’s not me that it will affect. But it’s gonna affect you guys. Your kids, your grandkids.”

This article originally appeared in HERE Magazine

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